The Ipswich Head & Neck Cancer 


Support Group



The Journey Through Cancer Together...

We aim to support Patients, Family, Friends

and anyone who has been affected by
Head and Neck Cancer

 


Types of Head and Neck Cancer



Head and neck cancer includes different types of cancer that can develop in the mouth, nose and throat. Head and neck tumors are made up of different types of cells. Most types of head and neck cancer are considered squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), while some are considered adenocarcinoma.


 

Pharynx: The pharynx is located between the esophagus and the mouth. Cancer of the pharynx can occur in any of the pharynx's three parts:

Nasopharynx: Upper part of the pharynx behind the nose
Oropharynx: Middle part of the pharynx that includes the back of the mouth, tonsils and base of the tongue
Hypopharynx: Lower part of the pharynx

Oral Cavity: Cancer of the oral cavity occurs in the lips, gums, lining of the lips and cheeks, bony top of the mouth, small area behind wisdom teeth, front part of the tongue, or underneath the tongue.

Salivary Glands: Cancer of the salivary glands occurs mostly in the bottom of the mouth, near the jawbone.

Paranasal Sinuses and Nasal Cavity: Cancer of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity occur in the sinuses around the nose or the nasal cavity.

Larynx:  The larynx, or voice box, is the short pathway below the pharynx in the neck and includes the vocal cords and epiglottis.

 

Lymph Nodes in the Upper Neck:  Sometimes head and neck cancer is found exclusively in the lymph nodes in the upper neck. This type of cancer is known as locally advanced incarcinoma with unknown origin.


10 Facts about Head & Neck Cancer

1. Tobacco and alcohol use are leading causes of tongue and voice box cancers

2. Men are affected about twice as often as women with oral cancer

3. Signs of Oral, Head and Neck Cancer: a sore in your mouth that doesn't heal, constant pain in your mouth, lumps or patches in your mouth, pain around your teeth, changes in your voice, and a lump in your neck

4. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the most common treatments designed to stop the spread of cancer by destorying and/or removing the cancerous cells.

5. Thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men

6. Several types of cancer can start in the salivary glands

7. Regular check-ups can detect the early stages of oral cancer or conditions that may lead to oral cancer

8. Because of the location of head and neck cancer, it often affects breathing, eating, voice, speaking and appearance.

9. Cancers of the nasal and paranasal cancers are rare: about 2000 people develop these cancers every year

10. Patients with cancers treated in the early stages may have little post treatment disfigurement